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Korean Standard Power Reactor OPR1000 and APR14000

 

By winning the major reactor contracts from Jordan and UAE, the Koreans have successfully landed their first export projects.  It weighs significantly to their bid for power plant export to the Middle East, North Africa and Southeast Asia.

One thing for certain countries going to nuclear power for the first time would like evaluate ALL technologies first hand. Many have approached us to get a fleet of PCTRAN models to understand everyone’s dynamic performance. The low-cost simulator suite enables their technical staff have hands-on experience in transient operation. In addition to Western PWR, BWR and Russian PWR (VVER), now we also provide KSNP1000 and APR1400. Evolving out of the former Combustion Engineering System 80, we have over 10-years experience with C-E plants Fort Calhoun, Ste Lucie and Calvert Cliffs.  In particular for Calvert the current PSA update of success criteria determination is conducted by using our PCTRAN model. It has been verified, peer reviewed and formally documented as part of license basis docket with the regulatory agency.

KSNP and its later OPR (Optimized Power Reactor) and APR inherit C-E System80+ design of two hot legs and 4 cold legs with two large steam generators. For total loss of feedwater event, a Safety Depressurization System (SDS) with two trains of remote manual operable valves to dischare the primary steam to the containment. High Pressure Injection from the Safety Injection Tanks is then pumped into the core to keep it cooled. Free Download

ksnp

PCTRAN KSNP Ulchin 3 4 FSAR Benchmark

1.         Inadvertent Opening of Steam Generator Atmospheric Dump Valve (IOSGADV)

PCTRAN KSN/P1000 is modeled with full power at 2815 MWt and Tavg at 311ºC. One SG ADV opening has flow rate about 400 lb/s or 645 t/hr at steam pressure of 7.8 MPa.

 

 

TABLE 15.1.4-2

                                     SEQUENCE OF EVENTS FOR FULL POWER

                             INADVERTENT OPENING OF A STEAM GENERATOR

                                      ATMOSPHERIC DUMP VALVE (IOSGADV)

                                                                                                                                Setpoint
         Time (sec)                            Event                                                                   or Value

                  0.0            One atmospheric dump valve opens fully                                    --

              100.0            Minimum transient DNBR                                                      ³ 1.30

            1800.0            Manual trip                                                                               --

            1800.1            Trip Breakers Open                                                                  --

            1803.1            Loss of Offsite power/RCPs begin to coastdown                       --

            1808               Main steam safety valves open, psia                                        1277
                                   (kg/cm2A)                                                                              (89.77)

            1822               Main steam safety valves close, psia                                       1213
                                   (kg/cm2A)                                                                              (85.27)

            2120.35          Steam generator pressure reaches main steam                         851
                                   isolation signal (MSIS) analysis setpoint,                                 (59.83)
                                   psia (kg/cm2A)

            2126.5            MSIVs close completely                                                           --

            2131.5            MFIVs close completely                                                           --

            2219               Voids begin to form in RV upper head                                       --

            3000               Operator manually closes ADV                                                 --

            3600               Operator initiates plant cooldown                                              --

 


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Note, the scale at right hand side in C is wrong!
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(Right hand legend should be Kg instead of lbm)

 

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2.         One Pressurizer Safety Valve Open at Refueling

Benchmark of the following Study was conducted:

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PCTRAN was initiated from a condition of 1.4% decay heat post-trip condition. One PSV was forced to open and stuck at the open position.  The reactor coolant pressure would depressurize rapidly and initiate the HPSI. One pump is sufficient to keep the core covered without damage.  This was done in the first RELAP case and also verified with PCTRAN. The second one assumes no HPSI available.  It is benchmarked here using PCTRAN:


 
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The second case used ADV to depressurize the SG secondary.  This accelerates the RCS primary depressurization to reach the SIT initiation set point (4.1 MPa) in the event of no HPSI.  Note PCTRAN’s initial condition is 4000 seconds after reactor trip so that the decay heat (1.5%) matches closely with the RELAP case’s initial power (1.4%). In the PCTRAN run, ADV’s of both SG sides are opened about 3,000 seconds after event initiation.

 

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PCTRAN confirms that by opening the ADV’s to accelerate cooldown, the extent of core heatup is limited.  Both SIT and LPSI are initiated that refloods the core and cools it down.
3.         Small Break LOCA Without HPSI Operator Action Benchmark

Against KAERI MARS Analysis

PCTRAN was run against the KAERI case below:

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4.         Steam Generator Tube Rupture With Offsite Power

 

UCN3 & 4 FSAR TABLE 15.6.3-1

                     SEQUENCE OF EVENTS FOR THE STEAM GENERATOR TUBE

                               RUPTURE WITHOUT A LOSS-OF-OFFSITE POWER

 

Time                                                                                                                     Setpoint
(sec)                                                 Event                                                            or Value

 

0.0                                    Tube rupture occurs                                                      --

0.0                                    SG level reaches reactor trip                                         95
                                         and MSIS setpoint, %NR

0.45                                  High steam-generator level                                            --
                                         trip signal generated                                                     

0.55                                  Trip breaker open                                                         --

0.55                                  Turbine trip; stop valves closed                                     --

0.55                                  MSIS generated on high steam-                                    --
                                         generator level                                                             

4.4                                    Main steam safety valves open,                                     1277
                                         psia (kg/cm²A)                                                             (89.8)

 

5.55                                  Main steam isolation valves                                           --
                                         close completely                                                          

 

11.95                                Maximum steam generator pressure,                             1341
                                         psia (kg/cm²A)                                                             (94.3)

 

15.95                                Backup heaters energized, psia                                     2275
                                         (kg/cm²A)                                                                    (160)

91.8                                  Letdown control valve throttled                                     -2.0
                                         back to minimum flow, feet (meters)                              (-0.61)
                                         below program level


                                                     TABLE 15.6.3-1 (Sh. 2 of 2)

 

Time                                                                                                                     Setpoint
(sec)                                                 Event                                                            or Value

 

211                                   Pressurizer heaters deenergized                                     414
                                         due to low pressurizer liquid                                          (11.7)
                                         volume, ft3(m3)

214                                   Third charging pump started,                                         -5.73
                                         feet (meters) below program level                                 (-1.75)

719.4                                Pressurizer pressure reaches                                         1705
                                         safety injection actuation                                               (119.9)
                                         signal (SIAS) analysis setpoint,
                                         psia (kg/cm²A)

750.55                              Safety injection flow initiated                                         --

1800                                 Operator isolates the damaged                                      --
                                         steam generator and initiates                                         
                                         plant cooldwon at 100°F/hr
                                         (55.6°C/hr) for the 1.5-hour
                                         time period

28,800                              Shutdown cooling entry conditions                                410/350
                                         are assumed to be reached, RCS                                  (28.82/176.7)
                                         pressure/RCS temperature,
                                         psia/°F (kg/cm²A/°C)


                                                              TABLE 15.6.3-2

         ASSUMPTIONS AND INITIAL CONDITIONS FOR THE STEAM GENERATOR

                          TUBE RUPTURE WITHOUT A LOSS-OF-OFFSITE POWER

 

                                   Parameter                                                                  Assumed Value

 

               Core Power Level, MWt                                                                2871.3

               Core Inlet Coolant Temperature, °F (°C)                                        570 (298.89)

               Initial Pressurizer Pressure, psia (kg/cm²A)                                      2325 (163.45)

               Core Mass Flow Rate, 106 lbm/hr (kg/hr)                                       111.16 (50.4)

               One Pin Integrated Radial Peaking Factor,
               with Uncertainty                                                                              1.7204

               Steam-Generator Pressure, psia (kg/cm²A)                                     1148 (80.7)

               Moderator Temperature Coefficient, 10-4 Δρ/°F                             0.0

               Doppler Coefficient Multiplier                                                         1.0

               CEA Worth at Trip, %     (most reactive CEA                                -9.0
               fully withdrawn)

               Steam-Generator Water Level, %NR                                             95

 


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